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Busted Blood Vessel in your Leg

Busted Blood Vessel in Leg: When Should you Consult a Doctor?

Jan 11, 2024 | Blog, Vascular Issues

Whenever a reference is made to a busted blood vessel in the leg, it refers to a rupture of a blood vessel or internal bleeding in the affected area. When this happens, you can notice symptoms like swelling, pain, warm sensation, etc.

Sometimes, the outcome can be minor such as a simple bruise. Other times, it could be a more severe case which may indicate underlying health issues. Early detection and treatment can prevent potential complications, such as extensive bruising, severe pain, or infection. Proper treatment can help in faster healing of the affected area and reduce discomfort. 

At CACVI, we have qualified and experienced doctors with a deep understanding of diseases and conditions affecting blood vessels. Experts like Dr. Khorsandi specialize in vascular diseases and can assess the condition and its severity. We also employ the use of state-of-the-art technology for diagnosis and treatment. If you’re looking for expert hands that prioritize your comfort, reach out to us today!

In this article, we will explore what happens when there is a case of a busted blood vessel in the leg and treatment options you should consider. 

What Causes a Busted Blood Vessel in the Leg?

Blood vessels play a crucial role in the circulatory system as they act as messengers. These blood vessels include arteries, veins, and capillaries. In the legs, they are responsible for blood circulation to and from the heart. They also supply muscles and tissues with oxygen and nutrients and play a role in removing waste products. 

Now, you may be wondering, what can cause or lead to a case of a busted blood vessel? Interestingly, there are many common causes of busted blood vessels in the leg. It could happen when there is a direct injury to the leg, and this is the most common. Falls, blows, and bumps can cause these vessels to break, resulting in bruising or hematoma. You can also experience ruptured veins when you over strain your legs. It could be through heavy lifting or intense exercises. 

Medical conditions like varicose veins or deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are also causes of blood vessel rupture. Conditions that affect the blood’s ability to clot can lead to excessive blood loss from a minor rupture. Chronic blood pressure can also weaken blood vessel walls over time. Even medications that affect blood clotting like anticoagulants or blood thinners can lead to weakened or damaged valves.

It is also important to bear in mind that age is a risk factor as blood vessels become more fragile with age, increasing the risk of vein rupture. Remaining in one position for too long can also put pressure on leg veins, leading to busted vessels. 

Risk Factors for Ruptured Varicose Vein

Risk Factors for Ruptured Varicose Vein

Ruptured varicose veins can lead to significant discomfort and potential complications. Understanding the risk factors associated with this condition is important for prevention and management. Key risk factors for ruptured varicose veins include:

  • Age: Aging causes wear and tear on the valves in the veins that regulate blood flow. As people age, their blood vessels become more fragile and prone to rupture. Older individuals are at a higher risk due to decreased elasticity and weakening of the vein walls.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Obesity puts additional pressure on the veins, particularly in the legs, which can exacerbate the condition of varicose veins.  Smoking affects circulation and can weaken blood vessel walls, contributing to the risk of varicose veins and their rupture. Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to liver disease, which may cause blood clotting problems and increase the risk of bleeding.
  • Prolonged Standing or Sitting: Occupations or lifestyles that involve long periods of standing or sitting can increase the pressure in the leg veins and lead to varicose veins rupture. Regular movement helps circulate blood through the veins. Lack of exercise can contribute to the worsening of varicose veins.
  • Gender: Women are more likely to develop varicose veins due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, pre-menstruation, and menopause, which can relax vein walls.
  • Family History: A family history of varicose veins can increase the likelihood of experiencing similar issues..

Symptoms of Varicose Veins

Symptoms of Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins that usually occur in the legs. Recognizing the common symptoms is important for managing the condition and knowing when to seek medical advice.

Common symptoms are visibly enlarged veins, pain and discomfort, itching, skin changes, and leg ulcers.

If a varicose vein starts bleeding, even if the bleeding stops on its own, it’s important to see a doctor. You should also see a doctor when you experience persistent pain that impacts your daily activities. 

Visiting a vein care specialist comes in handy when you notice skin changes on the skin’s surface or see that there is the development of a leg ulcer near the veins. It calls for immediate medical attention. 

A vein specialist will assess the severity of the varicose veins and check for signs of any complications. Then, the professional will inform the patient about the nature of varicose veins and the potential risks. He/she will also suggest potential lifestyle modifications such as exercise, weight management, and wearing compression stockings to manage symptoms.

If you are experiencing symptoms of varicose veins, especially those that are causing discomfort, lifestyle disruption, or visible skin changes on the skin’s surface, you should seek medical attention immediately. Early evaluation and treatment can prevent complications and improve quality of life. 

Diagnosis of Varicose Vein Burst

Diagnosis of Varicose Vein Burst

Diagnosing a burst varicose vein typically involves several steps and diagnostic methods used by healthcare professionals. Accurate diagnosis is crucial for effective treatment and to prevent complications. Here’s an overview of the diagnostic process:

  • Medical History and Physical Examination: The doctor will inquire about symptoms, family history of varicose veins or blood clotting disorders, and any previous vein treatments. There will be an examination of the affected leg, looking for visible signs of varicose veins, swelling, changes in skin color, ulcers, and other indications of a burst vein.
  • Doppler Ultrasound: This non-invasive test uses sound waves to produce images of the blood flow in the veins. It helps in assessing the structure and function of the leg veins, detecting any blockages or reflux (backward flow of blood), which are common in varicose veins.
  • Color Duplex Ultrasound Scan: An advanced form of Doppler ultrasound, this method combines traditional ultrasound and Doppler technology. It provides color images showing the speed and direction of blood flow in the veins. This is particularly useful for identifying the exact location and extent of the problem in a burst varicose vein.
  • Venogram: In some cases, a venogram might be necessary, especially if surgery is considered. This involves injecting a special dye into the legs and taking X-rays, which provide detailed images of the veins.
  • Magnetic Resonance Venography (MRV) or CT Venography: These are more advanced imaging techniques used in complex cases. They provide detailed images of the blood vessels and are particularly helpful if there’s suspicion of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or other complications.
  • Blood Tests: Blood tests may be performed to check for blood clotting disorders or other related conditions that might contribute to the development of varicose veins and their rupture.

Treatment Options for Varicose Vein Bursts

First aid measures and treatment options for varicose vein bursts vary depending on the severity of the rupture and the individual’s overall health. Immediate first aid is crucial to manage the situation before seeking professional medical help.

First Aid Measures for Burst Varicose Veins

First Aid Measures for Burst Varicose Veins

When varicose vein bursts happen, raise the affected leg above the level of the heart to reduce blood flow and swelling. Then use a clean cloth or bandage to gently apply pressure to the bleeding area. 

Avoid walking or standing as movement can increase bleeding. If the bleeding is heavy or doesn’t stop, seek medical attention immediately. 

Treatment Options

There are three treatment options for busted varicose veins. We have conservative treatments, surgical interventions, and physical therapy and rehabilitation. 

Under conservative treatments, there is the option of compression therapy. Wearing compression socks helps in reducing swelling and pain. It can also prevent further varicose veins formation. 

Anti-inflammatory drugs can also be prescribed to reduce pain and swelling. In some cases, medications to improve vein health might be recommended. A vein specialist can also recommend lifestyle changes like regular exercise, weight management, elevating the legs when resting, etc. 

Treatment Options

For surgical interventions, we have options like vein stripping, laser treatment and sclerotherapy. In cases of a leg ulcer, endoscopic vein surgery will be done. 

Physical therapy and rehabilitation treatment options include exercise programs, manual therapy and education on leg care. 

It’s important to note that the choice of treatment depends on various factors, including the severity of the burst varicose vein, the presence of any underlying health conditions, and the individual’s overall health and lifestyle. Consulting with a healthcare professional is crucial for determining the most suitable treatment approach.

Are you Experiencing Symptoms of Busted Blood Vessels?

We’ve explored the crucial aspects of busted blood vessels and varicose veins in the legs, covering their causes, symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment options. 

Taking busted blood vessels and varicose veins seriously is important for your overall vascular health. These conditions can significantly impact your quality of life and may lead to more serious complications if left untreated.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of busted blood vessels or varicose veins, or if you have risk factors for these conditions, reach out to us now! Remember, early intervention can prevent complications and improve outcomes.


If you were told you need an amputation, get a second opinion! We are board certified consultants in endovascular interventions committed to improving the quality of your life and the lives of those you love!

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